Ever find yourself reasoning, “How are toiallows made?” According to recent surveys, the average perkid spends roughly416 daysof their life in the bathroom! That’s many time about the porcelain throne!

These fixtures have been a staple in residences throughout the civilization since1596. Yet, few understand how comsettings pertained to be.

You are watching: Why are toilets made out of porcelain

The truth is, every manufacturer has its very own production procedure. Not just that, however toilet style hasevolved substantially over the centuries. To answer this question, we’re going to take a look at the core components and also products that make toilets what they are now.

What Are Toiallows Made of?

The many necessary element of the toilet manufacturing procedure is materials! Back in the early on days, you might check out toiallows wrapped in ornatelycarved timber. Luckily, we’ve moved on to something a little more sanitary.

The a lot of prevalent material for toilets these days is porcelain. Porcelain is a form of ceramic product that’s frequently provided in pots and also dishwater. Many kind of world describe it as a raw product. In truth, porcelain is amixture of ingredients.


These includekaolin, silicate minerals, and also powderedfeldspar. Some manufacturers might additionally include some additional ingredients to develop a proprietary mix. Either method, those ingredients combine to develop a thick clay-prefer slurry!

Porcelain is the go-to material formany kind of reasons. It all boils down to the material’s resilience. When developed correctly, it’s smooth and also straightforward to clean. Hence, it’s even more sanitary! That sassist, porcelain isalmost imperviousto water penetration.

To make it completely waterproof, manufacturers take advantage of a therapy calledvitreous china.You might view contemporary toilets labeled as “vitreous china” quite than ceramic or porcelain. It’s not actually the product. Rather, it’s the coating.

Vitreous china is an enamel coating that gives toilets that glass-like complete we understand. It makes the porcelain smooth and also non-porous for simple cleaning.

Why Are Toiallows Porcelain?

There are other products obtainable for production. Composting and also portable toiallows are made of plastic. So why not use it for residential commodes?

Plastic is expensive to develop. Theextrusion processwould require a far-ranging amount of plastic. Even then, it might never before achieve the toughness of porcelain.

Plus, plastic degrades over time. Eventually, the moisture and waste in the toilet would leach into the plastic and vice versa.This would certainly make your commode unsanitary.

Steel is another alternative. Steel appliances and food preparation surdeals with exist. So why don’t manufacturers usage it for toilets? You can discover steel toiallows in prisons and airplanes.

However before, it’s not a favorite for residential toiallows because of weight and thermal heat transport. The product gets cold quickly, leading to an unpleasant user experience.

The Manufacturing

The manufacturing procedure of a toilet is no basic job.It’s a multi-day procedure that requires many attention to detail. Several days have to pass between steps to ensure that the finimelted product is durable and safe to use.

Aacquire, all manufacturers execute points differently. But, right here are some of the core procedures in themanufacturing procedure.


The initially point toilet equipments must perform is produce a mold. Commodes come in several forms, sizes, anddeindications. The molds permit developers to produce distinct fixtures to fulfill anyone’s demands.

After the mold is complete, employees will create negative impressions. In many cases, the manufacturers will certainly take impressions in sections. This helps to make the process much simpler moving forward. These negatives impressions are commonly referred to as “devices.”


At this point, workers will certainly fill the molds with the porcelain slurry we talked about previously. The slurry is viscous and free-flowing. This ensures that the raw products obtain right into eexceptionally nook and cranny of the mold.

The molds then air dry to solidify a bit. To rate points up, some manufacturers will area the molds in a low-heat drying chamber.

The goal is to remove as a lot moisture as feasible. The precise moisture content of the porcelain counts on the formula. But most have roughly 20 percent. Reducing that moisture content prepared the components for the next phase of the procedure.


After the sections of the toilet are dry, employees rerelocate them from the mold. They will certainly then take some time to remove any imperfections. This has rerelocating any overcirculation sections. Sanding the sections dvery own and assembling the toilet is prevalent, also.

Once that is complete, the glaze is applied. This is wbelow that vitreous china enamel comes into play!The manufacturing team applies a thick and also coat of enamel to make certain that the fixture is waterproof.


Finally, we pertained to the firing stage! The toiallows go into a massive kiln. Temperatures in the kiln are around1,220 degrees centigrade! That’s practically 2,400 levels Fahrenheit!

The firing process removes any type of continuing to be moisture. It also hardens the enamel to produce that glossy finish we’re all familiar with!

Some manufacturers will certainly use a red dye that burns off throughout firing. This helps to ensure that the toilet baked evenly and thoaround. Exact times depfinish on the architecture of the toilet. But they are commonly left in the kiln for upwards of 18 hours.

Here is a video to help you obtain a good concept of what it takes to manufacture a toilet.

Core Components

Toilets are made using even more facility than a lot of world give them credit for! The architecture of these fixtures is simple. But, manufacturers are constantly in search of ways to improve effectiveness.

To provide you some even more understanding into what it takes to create a well-made toilet, below are thecore componentseextremely contemporary commode has actually.

Parts of the toilet labeled


The bowl is wright here all the waste collects before flushing. It looks simple. But bowls have a couple of vital functions.

Around the rim of the bowl, you’ll find tiny holes. This is what delivers the water from the tank for flushing. On the bottom of the bowl is the connection to S-trap.

Water Tank

Thewater tankis the small reservoir behind your commode. Not all toilets have a tank. But the majority of residential models perform. It’s the simplest method to deliver waste!

That tank holds onto several gallons of water. Newer models use1.6 gallonsof water at many. Older ones deserve to usage upwards of seven gallons! If you’re searching for a water-conserving model, inspect out this alternative fromAmerideserve to Standard.

When you pull the flushing lever, water from the tank surges into the bowl. This helps to trigger the trap listed below and rerelocate waste.


Take a look at the side of an unskirted toilet. Notice the characterized curve extfinishing from the bowl to the floor? That’s well-known as the trap.

Toiallows have the right to have an S trap or a P trap. Either method, it’s an ingenious architecture aspect thatcreates the vacuum to flush waste away.

The optimal of the curve consists of air. Eincredibly time youflush, the water from the tank pressures moves over that optimal curve. This creates a siphoning result to move waste dvery own the drain!

Flushing Mechanics

Opened toilet tank via fill valve highlighting

Lastly, tright here are theflushing components. Located inside the tank, these components are responsible for triggering the flush. Toilet style has actually come a lengthy method in recent years. Thus, there are a couple of different options available.

You deserve to gain toilets via fundamental lever flushes or advanced push-button mechanisms. Either way, they run on the same ethics. Flushing lifts the flapper valve at the bottom of the tank. This sends out water from the tank right into the bowl for flushing.

The tank also includes a ballcock. It controls the water valve to refill the tank and prepare for the following flush.

See more: Why Are Flags At Half Staff Today In Sc, Welcome To Myrtle Beach, Sc


Toilet style is proceeding to evolve. But, the core mechanics and manufacturing processes remajor the same. Check out this toilet fromAmerican Standardif you’re looking for a well-made classical commode.

Still have lingering inquiries about just how toiallows are made? Leave your inquiries in the comments below!

Creating a toilet reputable toilet is an extensive procedure. It requires many kind of procedures and requires a specifically formulated collection of raw products to make. There’s the majority of job-related that goes right into your a lot of typically used fixture. But, it’s well worth it for the convenience!