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You are watching: Which of the following most accurately reflects the symbolic view of management?

/* Generator: eWebEditor */p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";}p.NormalText, li.NormalText, div.NormalText {margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-autospace:none;font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"Palatino Linotype","serif";color:black;}.MsoPapDefault {margin-top:6.0pt;margin-right:0cm;margin-bottom:6.0pt;margin-left:0cm;text-align:justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;line-height:150%;}div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;}1) In the symbolic view of management, managers are seen as directly responsible for an organization"s success or failure.Answer: FALSEPage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 2) The view of managers as omnipotent is consistent with the stereotypical picture of the take-charge business executive who can overcome any obstacle in carrying out the organization"s objectives.Answer: TRUEPage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 3) The symbolic view of management impact is useful in explaining the high turnover among sports coaches, who can be considered the "managers" of their teams.Answer: FALSEPage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 4) A dynamic environment is characterized by the absence of new competitors, few technological breakthroughs by current competitors, and little activity by pressure groups to influence the organization.Answer: FALSEPage Ref: 49Topic: The EnvironmentObjective: 2Difficulty: ModerateClassification: Conceptual 5) Environmental uncertainty looks at the number of components in an organization"s environment and the extent of the knowledge that the organization has about those components.Answer: FALSEPage Ref: 49Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 6) The soccer league in England is notorious for the number of team managers fired over the soimg.org of a single season, which stands at no fewer than eight managers on average, owing to poor team form and consequently, poor results. It is evident from this information that the league endorses a(n) ________ view of management.A) symbolicB) omnipotentC) laissez-faireD) democraticAnswer: BPage Ref: 45Topic: Organizational Culture AACSB: Analytic SkillsObjective: 1Difficulty: ModerateClassification: Application 7) Which of the following most accurately reflects the symbolic view of management?A) Managers are directly responsible for an organization"s success or failure.B) Managers have to ensure that every obstacle is overcome on the way to achieving the organization"s goals.C) External forces are responsible for an organization"s success or failure.D) Employees are directly responsible for an organization"s success or failure.Answer: CPage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 8) According to the symbolic view, managers have a(n) ________ effect on substantive organizational outcomes.A) limitedB) extensiveC) influentialD) significantAnswer: APage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual9) The symbolic view of management is based upon the belief that managers symbolize ________.A) control and influence in developing plans and making decisionsB) every aspect of an organization"s performance, from the top level to the operational levelC) the fluctuating fortunes of the organization as they alternate between profits and lossesD) the take-charge executive who overcomes any obstacle to see that the organization achieves its goalsAnswer: APage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: ModerateClassification: Conceptual 10) Internal constraints that influence managers" decisions and actions come from ________.A) the attitudes of customersB) the culture of the organizationC) the prevailing political conditionsD) the fluctuations in the stock marketAnswer: BPage Ref: 45Topic: The Manager: Omnipotent or Symbolic?Objective: 1Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 11) Daniel is the CEO of CookRite, a company manufacturing kitchen appliances. The company has been in business for the past ten years and sales were steadily increasing until six months ago, when there was a significant decrease. Though Daniel held a number of meetings with the top management of the company, he did not make any changes in the management techniques and did not blame managers for the drop in sales. Which of the following, if true, would indicate that Daniel was correct in his approach?A) Sources reveal that CookRite"s competitors saw a similar drop in sales over the same time period.B) The price of technology used in CookRite products fell during this period, as a result of innovations.C) The symbolic view of management, which Daniel holds, is the preferred method in that industry.D) Demand for kitchen appliances has increased significantly over the past year.Answer: APage Ref: 45AACSB: Reflective Thinking SkillsObjective: 1Difficulty:  DifficultClassification: Critical Thinking12) Daniel is the CEO of CookRite, a company manufacturing kitchen appliances. The company has been in business for the past ten years and sales were steadily increasing until six months ago, when there was a significant decrease. Though Daniel held a number of meetings with the top management of the company, he did not make any changes in the management techniques and did not blame managers for the drop in sales. Which of the following, if true, would indicate that Daniel was wrong in his approach?A) CookRite"s competitors saw a similar drop in sales over the same period.B) A new competitor entered the market six months ago, and sold products below cost to gain market share.C) Demand for kitchen appliances has increased significantly over the past year.D) The price of technology used in kitchen appliances fell and CookRite subsequently reduced its prices.Answer: CPage Ref: 45AACSB: Reflective Thinking SkillsObjective: 1Difficulty: DifficultClassification: Critical Thinking 13) Which of the following factors is a demographic component of an organization"s external environment?A) lifestyles and behaviorB) political stabilityC) geographic locationD) stock market fluctuationsAnswer: CPage Ref: 46Objective: 2Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 14) Which of the following factors is an economic component of an organization"s external environment?A) family compositionB) education levelC) disposable incomeD) geographic locationAnswer: CPage Ref: 46Objective: 2Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual15) The ________ component of an organization"s external environment is concerned with trends in population characteristics such as age, race, gender, education level, geographic location, income, and family composition.A) economicB) politicalC) demographicD) socioculturalAnswer: CPage Ref: 46Objective: 2Difficulty: EasyClassification: Conceptual 16) Define organizational culture and discuss its three primary implications.Answer: Organizational culture is the shared values, principles, traditions, and ways of doing things that influence the way organizational members act. In most organizations, these important shared values and practices have evolved over time and determine, in large degree, what employees perceive about their organizational experiences and how they behave in the organization. When doing their work, the organizational culturethe "way we do things around here"influences what employees can do and how they view, define, analyze, and resolve problems and issues.Our definition of culture implies three things. First, culture is a perception. Individuals perceive the organizational culture on the basis of what they see, hear, or experience within the organization. Second, even though individuals may have different backgrounds or work at different organizational levels, they tend to describe the organization"s culture in similar terms. That"s the shared aspect of culture. Finally, organizational culture is descriptive.

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It"s concerned with how members perceive the organization, not with whether they like it. It describes rather than evaluates.Page Ref: 52Topic: Organizational Culture Objective: 3Difficulty: ModerateClassification: Conceptual