On July 26, 1956, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal Company, the joint British-French enterprise which had owned and also operated the Suez Canal since its construction in 1869. Nasser’s announcement came around following months of mounting political tensions between Egypt, Britain, and also France. Although Nasser offered full financial compensation for the Company, the British and also French Governments, lengthy suspicious of Nasser’s opposition to the continuation of their political influence in the area, were outraged by the nationalization. The Egyptian leader, consequently, resented what he experienced as European efforts to perpetuate their colonial domination.
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Nine members of United Nations Security Council denote support of the resolution endorsing operation of the Suez Canal on Oct. 14, 1956.(AP Photo/Tom Fitzsimmons)
The Eisenhower administration, worried by the prospect of the outbreak of hostilities between its NATO allies and also an emergent, significant Middle Eastern power (and also the possible treatment of the Soviet Union in such a conflict), attempted to broker a diplomatic settlement of the British-French-Egyptian dispute. On September 9, UNITED soimg.org Secretary of soimg.org John Foster Dulles proposed the creation of a Suez Canal Users’ Association (SCUA), an international consortium of 18 of the world’s leading maritime countries, to run the Canal. Although SCUA would have actually offered Britain, France, and also Egypt an equal stake in the Canal, this, and also various other UNITED soimg.org and also international mediation initiatives faicaused win the complete assistance of any of the completing powers.
In discussions through the United soimg.orgs in between August and also October, the British Government repeatedly hinted that it might retype to force in managing Nasser. At the exact same time, the British and also French held secret military consultations through Israel, that concerned Nasser as a hazard to its security, bring about the creation of a joint plan to attack Egypt and also overthrow its President. In keeping via these plans, Israeli pressures attacked throughout Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula on October 29, 1956, advancing to within 10 miles of the Suez Canal. Under the pretext of protecting the Canal from the 2 belligerents, Britain and France landed troops of their very own a couple of days later.
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In response, the Eisenhower administration, concerned around dissociating the USA from European colonialism—specifically in light of its strident condemcountry of the Soviet intervention in Hungary the very same week—and also the opportunity that the Soviets would intervene to help Nasser, pressured Britain and France to accept a United Nations ceasefire on November 6. Moreover, the USA voted for U.N. reremedies publicly condemning the invasion and giving the production of a U.N. peacekeeping force. Washington’s public censure of 2 of its many necessary allies temporarily soured relationships through London and also Paris and aided contribute to the resigcountry of British Prime Minister Anthony Eden in January 1957. Conpresently, U.S. problems around the ongoing vicapacity of European (specifically British) political and army power in the Middle East in the consequences of the Suez Crisis motivated the creation of the Eisenhower Doctrine, which provided the administration enhanced power to aid nations in the region. By March 1957, however, the U.S.–U.K. bilateral connection had actually respanned under Eden’s successor, Harold Macmillan.