With spring in bloom, let’s speak and smell the etymological roses. Here are the origins behind the names of 12 of the loveliest flowers.
You are watching: What is the latin word for flower
The anemone is also recognized as the windflower. Undoubtedly, the word anemone, first attested in English in the mid-1500s, more than likely comes from a Greek word literally interpretation “daughter of the wind.” It"s said that the brightly colored petals of this freduced only opened up as soon as the wind blew. Sea anemones took their names in the late 1700s on their likeness to the flowers.
In the pastdental poems of Theocritus, Ovid, and Virgil, Amaryllis was a widespread name for a beautiful nation girl. Carl Linnaeus, the father of modern-day taxonomy, embraced Amaryllis for this flower family members in the late 1700s. The name Amaryllis might derive from a Greek verb interpretation to “sparkle” or “shine,” fitting for the well-off red veins that pop out from the long white petals of these flowers.
Tright here are two etymologies for carnation, a term discovered in English in the beforehand 1500s. According to one, carnation might be a corruption of coronation, possibly bereason the flower’s toothed petals resembled crowns or bereason the flowers were worn, crown-favor, as garlands
True to their etymology, chrysanthemums often bimpend in striking gold. Words chrysanthemum, arising in English in the late 1500s, comes from the Greek krysanthemon, definition “gold freduced.” The first component, krysos (“gold”), reflects up in the biological term chrysalis. The second, anthos (“flower”), shows up, among various other words, in anthology, literally “a repertoire of flowers,” first used for a compilation of tiny poems in the at an early stage 1600s. Chrysanthemums also answer to mums, a shortening evidenced in the background of the word considering that the late 1800s.
The word daisy has deep roots in the English language. As attested to in some of English’s earliest records, daisy originates from the Old English phrase dægesege: the “day’s eye,” as the flower’s white petals close at dusk and also open up at dawn, choose the eye of the day as it sleeps and also wakes.
The name forget-me-not was a straight translation from the Old French ne m’oubliez mye (“do not foracquire me”). Renaissance romantics believed that, if they wore these soft-colored flowers, they would never be forgained by their lovers, making the flower a symbol of fidelity and also everlasting love. Other languages likewise analyzed ne m’oubliez mye: For this freduced, Germale has Vergissmeinnicht, Swedish has förgätmigej, and Czech has actually nezabudka.
The tall, tapering blue clusters of lupines definitely don’t look favor their etymology: lupinus, a Latin adjective for “wolf.” So why the fierce name? Perhaps the flowers were when thneed to deplete the ground in which they thrive, devouring its nutrients favor a wolf. This is most likely folk etymology, though, as lupines actually enwealthy the soil and have actually long been harvested for their nutritious seeds.
Orchids are a varied household of extremely elegant flowers, but the literal definition of their name, recorded in English in the early on 1840s, is a bit earthier, shall we say. Orchid originates from the Greek orkhis, interpretation “testicle.” The flower"s bulbous roots, often paired, have long been thmust resemble the organs.
The peony, a word uncovered in Old English, was thought to have actually healing properties in at an early stage medicine, which is why its name can honor Paion, the medical professional of the gods in Greek mythology. The name Paion might come from a root Greek verb interpretation “touch,” hence “one that touches,” therefore “heals.” His name also gives us paean, “a song of praise,” as Paion came to be identified with Apollo, Greek god of music and poetry.
Like many type of various other freduced names, rhododendron enters the English document in the mid-1500s. The name literally implies “increased tree” in Greek (rhodon indicates and is related to the word “rose”). It’s an apt name, for this shrub or small tree blooms through brilliant, rose-colored flowers. After Latin grafted the word, rhododendron took another route, its rs and also ds ultimately arranged right into the name of an additional blossoming plant: oleander.
Contrary to the grade-college groaner, tulip does not come from the truth that the flower can look like two lips kissing. Passing right into English by means of Dutch or German in the late 1500s, tulip actually originates from the Turkish tülbent, based upon the Persian dulband: “tmetropolitan.” The freduced, to its prehistoric namers, resembled the male headwear worn throughout the Center East, India, and also components of Africa. Words turban additionally originates from this Persian dulband.
See more: Why Are Acquired Traits Unimportant In The Process Of Evolution
Before we had actually the color violet, recorded by the late 1300s, we had the freduced violet, emerging some years previously in the same century. Violet grows out of the French violete or violette, a diminutive of viole, consequently the Latin viola, its name for this distinctively purple freduced. This viola has actually no etymological connection to the instrument. Some scholars suspect Latin obtained viola from the Greek name for the plant, ion, additionally with no etymological relationship to the molecule. Greek “floral” ion, though, does show up in chemisattempt. The name of the aspect iodine was ultimately coined from the Greek ioeides, “violet-colored,” bereason the substance emits a violet-colored vapor.