A(n) is the amount of data and program instructions that can be swapped at a given time.

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Answer: pageThe area of the hard drive used for virtual memory is called a(n) file.swapswitchpageindirectSome operating systems allow users to control a network and administer security.Answer: TrueWhich of the following best defines the term cross-platform application?An app that communicates between devices on a networkA program used to coordinate data sharing among multiple devicesAn application that runs the same way on multiple operating systemsAn operating system that incorporates aspects of multiple operating systemsIn some cases, the operating system for the network is a set of programs that are separate from the operating system on the client computers or mobile devices that access the network.Answer: TrueA queue is the lineup of documents waiting to be printed.Answer: TrueThe is the core of an operating system.Answer: kernelIn a multitasking operating system, programs are running but not in use.inactiveunopenedidlebackgroundA(n) boot refers to the process of restarting a computer or mobile device while it remains powered on.Answer: warmWhich of the following best describes the term bloatware?Additional hardware and apps installed by an OEMA program that takes up most of a computer or devices RAM when it is runningSoftware that creates documents with unusually large file sizesA script hidden inside a legitimate program that causes the computer to run slowlyThe computer may run slower while it uses virtual memory.Answer: True mode saves any open documents and running programs or apps to an internal hard drive before removing power from the computer or device.Answer: HibernateOn computers running macOS, the contains icons used to run apps, display minimized windows, and access documents.tilestitle barDocktaskbarGracie is trying to decide between Windows or macOS for her new desktop computer. Since you have desktops that run both at home, she asks you for advice.

She asks you what types of program are Safari and Edge. You tell her that these are .

When describing the macOS interface, you tell her that she can use the to view, organize, and run apps.

LaunchpadStart menuDocktilesA(n) is a small program that tells the operating system how to communicate with a specific device.appspoolerinterpreterdriverGoogle names its releases after sweet treats, such as Jelly Bean and Marshmallow.Answer: AndroidThe kernel is an example of a nonresident instruction.Answer: FalseAn operating system must be installed on a hard drive. It cannot run from a USB flash drive or other media.Answer: FalseReboot is another term for .Answer: restartMany software makers provide free downloadable updates, sometimes called a(n) to users who have registered and/or activated their software.enhancementdebuggerservice packsecure deliverableLinux is proprietary software.Answer: FalseWhat is the difference between sleep and hibernate mode?No difference — they are the same.Hibernate mode is used with Apple computers and sleep for Windows.With sleep mode the computer is placed in a low-power state.Sleep mode is activated by pushing the power button.Two types of operating system user interfaces are graphical and .3Dtext-basedcommand-linenavigationalOperating systems that function as both desktop and server operating systems are called multipurpose operating systems.Answer: TrueVirtualization is the practice of sharing or pooling computing resources, such as servers or storage devices.Answer: TrueA performance monitor is a program that assesses and reports information about various computer resources and devices.Answer: True consists of ROM chips or flash memory chips that store permanent instructions.ChipwareDatawareFirmwareMemwareYou have been having issues with your printer, so you decide to learn more about how the printer works.

You learn that if you replace your printer with a new one, you will have to install a(n) to your computer.

spoolerbufferdriverprint serverThe network uses the operating system on the network to configure the network, install software, and control network security.Answer: administratorWhat happens if your computer or mobile device uses up its available RAM?The computer or mobile device shuts down.It is impossible to run out of RAM.You get an alert that you must close a program or stop an action.The operating system may use virtual memory.Experts recommend that you run multiple antivirus programs simultaneously.Answer: False compatible operating systems recognize and work with applications written for an earlier version of the operating system.Answer: BackwardIn situations when a boot disk is required to restart a computer or device, the book disk is referred to as media.recoveryinstructionalstartuprestorationSiri and Cortana are examples of recognition apps.Answer: voiceThe start-up process is similar for large and small computers and mobile devices.Answer: True consists of one or more chips on the motherboard that hold items such as data and instructions while the processor interprets and executes them.ROMStorageRAMThe motherboardGUI stands for user interface.Answer: graphicalWhich of the following is NOT true about operating systems?Servers do not run the same operating system as tablets or laptops.Operating systems often are written to run on specific types of computers.The same types of computers may run different operating systems.It is not possible to run more than one operating system on the same computer.What is meant by the term Plug and Play?A device that must be connected to the network in order to access its operating systemA portable battery and wireless network device that is used by mobile devicesA gaming system optimized for multiplayer gamesThe operating system that automatically configures new devices as you install or connect themA(n) system is set of programs that coordinate all the activities among computer or mobile device hardware.Answer: operatingWhen an operating system spends much of its time paging, it is said to be .overpagingvirtualizingoptimizingthrashingNot all computer and mobile devices have an operating system.Answer: FalseAll of the following are examples of desktop operating systems EXCEPT .LinuxUNIXAndroidChrome OS is a popular, multitasking UNIX-based operating system.Answer: LinuxPower users often work with because of its flexibility and capabilities.WindowsmacOSChrome OSUNIXA multiuser operating system processes all tasks on a first-come, first-served basis.Answer: FalseTicket machines, ATMs, digital cameras, and robotics all use operating systems.embeddedmultiusermobilevirtualmacOS is a UNIX-based operating system.Answer: TrueOperating systems on embedded computers use a multitasking operating system.Answer: FalseThe term, PC, sometimes is used to describe a computer that runs on a Mac operating system.Answer: FalseThe process sends documents to be printed into a buffer instead of sending them immediately to the printer.thrashingaligningdelayingspoolingIdentify the letter of the choice that best matches the phrase or definition.A Windows Phone app that provides a centralized location for couponsAnswer: o.WalletEnables user to access all files and programs on the computer or network, install programs, and specify settings that affect all users on a computer, mobile device, or networkAnswer: f. administrator accountSaves any open documents and programs to an internal hard drive before removing power from the computer or deviceAnswer: e. hibernateA unique combination of characters that identifies a specific userAnswer: g. user nameA private combination of characters associated with the user name that allows access to certain computer resourcesAnswer: h. passwordA popular, multitasking UNIX-based operating systemAnswer: m. LinuxDefine who can access certain resources and when they can access those resourcesAnswer: j. permissionsIf application software has stopped responding and the hard disk’s LED blinks repeatedly, the operating system probably is doing this.Answer: k. thrashingAndroid app store that provides access to apps, songs, books, and moviesAnswer: i. Google PlayThe practice of sharing or pooling computing resources, such as serversAnswer: a. virtualizationSaves any open documents and programs to RAM, turns off all unneeded functions, and then places the computer in a low-power state.Answer: d. sleep modeEnables you to sync mail, calendars, contacts, and other items on iOSAnswer: l. iCloudWhen working with a command-line interface, the set of commands entered into the computer is called thisAnswer: n. command languageTypically has one program running at a time, though others may be running in the backgroundAnswer: b. mobile operating systemThe operating system allocates a portion of a storage medium, such as a hard drive or a USB flash drive, to function as additional RAM.Answer: c. virtual memoryYou have been having issues with your printer, so you decide to learn more about how the printer works.

You learn that by spooling documents to a(n) , the computer or mobile device can continue interpreting and executing instructions while the printer prints.

memory stickexternal storage deviceprinter serverbufferOEM stands for original equipment manufacturer.Answer: TrueThe operating system sometimes is called the .background appplatformunderlying hardwareground floor is the operating system used by Amazon Kindle tablets.Kindle OSFire OSAmazon OSChrome OSWhich of the following is NOT true about command-line interfaces?They require exact spelling, form, and punctuation.A user types keywords or abbreviations to enter data and instructions.They give you less control to manage detailed settings than a GUI.The set of commands used to control actions is called the command language.The trend is toward device-independent operating systems.Answer: TrueWhen you purchase a computer or mobile device, it usually has an operating system and other tools installed.

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Answer: TrueA(n) is a segment of memory or storage in which items are placed while waiting to be transferred from an input device or to an output device.Answer: buffer