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Pronom relatif

The loved one pronoun dont reareas the preplace de plus a person or thing and serves as the object of a family member clause. If you’re unfamiliar through any type of of these concepts, please study the lessons before analysis this one.

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Depending on the context, dont has actually a number of possible translations:

from whichfrom whomincludingof whichof whomthatwhosewith

 Though the loved one pronoun is required in French, it’s regularly optional in English and also might be left out of the translation entirely.

Par exemple…

Voici la famille. Je parle de cette famille.Here’s the family. I’m talking about this household.
Voici la famille dont je parle.Here’s the family I’m talking about.
J’ai peur d’une seule chose : le noir.I’m afrassist of just one thing: the dark.
Le noir est la seule chose dont j’ai peur.The dark is the just point (that) I’m afrassist of The dark is the just thing of which I’m afraid.
Je me méfie de lui.I’m suspicious of him.
Tu connais l’homme dont je me méfie ?Do you understand the guy (whom) I’m suspicious of?Do you know the guy of whom I’m suspicious?

Because possession is suggested via de, dont can express it also. When the thing possessed is a perkid, dont is indistinguishable to "whose"; when it’s inanimate, the best translation is often "through."

Je connais un homme. La femme de cet homme est espionne.I recognize a guy. This man’s wife is a spy.
Je connais un homme dont la femme est espionne. I recognize a man whose wife is a spy.
Je cherche une maichild. La porte de la maiboy est jaune.I’m searching for a residence. The house’s door is yellow.
Je cherche la maison dont la porte est jaune.I’m searching for the home via a yellow door.

Dont have the right to also describe members of a group:

J’ai beaucoup d’amis. Deux de mes amis sont poètes.I have the majority of friends. Two of my friends are poets.
J’ai beaucoup d’amis, dont deux poètes.I have actually many friends, 2 of whom are poets.
Certains films sont très marrants. Dîner de cons est un de ces movies.Some movies are incredibly funny. Dîner de cons is among those movies.
Certains movies sont très marrants, dont Dîner de cons.Some movies are extremely funny, including Dîner de cons.

 À noter : After any kind of preplace various other than de, the family member pronoun is either qui (once it’s a person) or lequel (once it’s an object).

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Also, once de is not on its own, yet rather part of a prepositional phrase such as près de, the family member pronoun is lequel.