The terms 2-way and 3-way car speakers have obvious distinctions for motorists who know enough about car sound systems. But, for newbies that understand much less about sound systems or speakers, such terms make little sense.
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If you find yourself in a situation where you have to decide whether to go for a 2-way or 3-way car speaker, it is essential to note that the main difference between the two is the number of drivers.
2-way speakers include two drivers, which are the woofer and tweeter. The 3-way speakers have three drivers, which are the woofer, tweeter, and a mid-range driver. Here we look at the differences between the two in more detail.
Table of Contents
Contents2-Way Car Speakers 3-Way Car Speakers
2-Way Car Speakers
Better clarity in a coaxial setup
Installation is often straightforward
Sacrifices the lower basses and mid-range frequencies
2-way component system sound quality is not the best
3-Way Car Speakers
3-way speaker systems, whether they are coaxial or component, consist of three drivers: the woofer, mid-range, and tweeter.
The 3-way or triaxial speaker has three drivers in one box. These car speakers have the woofer as the main driver and a couple of small drivers over the cone. While the two top drivers often look almost identical, it is vital to note that one is a mid-ranger driver and the other a tweeter.
The presence of two drivers over the cone causes more obstruction, which can affect the clarity significantly. However, if you use the speaker on a stereo, you hardly notice the clarity dip.
Mid-range drivers on these speakers provide the midway sound frequencies somewhere between the lows of a woofer and the tweeter"s highs. The frequency is more of vocals and notes from music instruments like saxophones and trumpets.
These speakers have a passive crossover for splitting the frequency into three, but it does not seem to work very well. Crossovers seem to have an easier time splitting the frequency into two.
Note: Some 3-way speakers use a super-tweeter instead of a mid-range driver, and therefore they only extend the high-frequency response and will not do anything for the midrange frequencies.
For the 3-way component speaker, you get the three drivers in different boxes. These systems typically include a pair of all the drivers and divide the range between them to ensure superior clarity.
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3-way components speakers require an external crossover circuit to ensure the frequencies are split perfectly for the best sound quality. The lows, highs, and mids are much better when using these speakers, explaining why they are more expensive.
With the different frequencies having a dedicated driver, these speakers can also handle relatively higher power output without distortion, unlike the 2-way component speakers. However, the installation process is more complicated and tedious, given there are more items.