Causes of the Civil War Essay: The infamous American civil war was fought between the years 1861 to 1865, between the more developed North American states and the lesser developed South American states.

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The main controversy based on which this war was fought was slavery. The southern states were in favour of expanding the scope of slavery, while the northern states fought against it.

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Long and Short Essays on Causes of the Civil War Essay for Students and Kids in English

We are providing students with essay samples on a long essay of 500 words and a short essay of 150 words on the topic “Causes Of The Civil War” for reference.

Long Essay on Causes of the Civil War Essay 500 Words in English

Long Essay on Causes of the Civil War Essay is usually given to classes 7, 8, 9, and 10.

There were various causes for the civil war to take place. Some causes were cultural, while some were political, others were economic. The Union between the north and the south was split based on several important factors. Although the major cause was slavery, when such a thing entered into the political sphere, the problem came to the public view, which now required an immediate solution.

The economic differences between the south and the north were tremendous. The south was labour intensive because it largely depended on agriculture. It mainly produced cotton which required considerable human resources. On the other hand, the north had products of innovative industries and relied on the manufacturing-based economy. The north never required such huge amounts of the labour force. This difference contributed to the conflict.

The cultural differences between these two states were also huge. The north had a cosmopolitan society were life moved very fast. There was diversification in the infrastructure, and society was very modern. The south was the opposite in this respect. Here, the life of the people was slow-paced, and society was homogenous. The people in society were orthodox and loved their deep-rooted culture. Thus the roots of the civil war were largely colonial.

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The two main notions that were in a tug of war was a radical abolition of slavery and pro-slavery. The north and the south were tied in conflict whether the states could decide what had to be done with slavery. William Lloyd Garrison was the voice of anti-slavery movement in the north, and he published “The Liberator”, which reached out to people far and wide. He was never in favour of compromise and founded the “New England Anti-Slavery Society” in the year 1832.

Frederick Douglass became another famous leader of this movement, who was born a slave but later escaped to America. He was born in Maryland, which was a pro-slavery nation. He was an advisor President Abraham Lincoln, who also propounded the anti-slavery movement. President Lincoln, who won the election in the year 1860, was the first Republican president. He sincerely fought for the abolition of slavery and made amendments to the constitution. The south was dissatisfied with these steps. Seven states in the south supported slavery whole-heartedly. These states that were pro-slavery formed the Confederate States of America. However, this body was not legitimate in the eyes of the north and Lincoln.

The idea of slavery had always kept the states divided. This war saw the victory of the north when president Lincoln made an executive order to free all the slaves. The Union Army, the largest organized army in America, captured all states, and finally, all the states were unified against slavery. This unification was through a common goal; to capture as many territories as possible and to make the slaves free of their bondage. This victory, however, came at a huge cost. This war saw a huge loss of lives, and the count reached almost 625000.


Short Essay on Causes of the Civil War Essay 150 Words in English

Short Essay on Causes of the Civil War Essay is usually given to classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.

In the history of America, the civil war had contributed to many dark pages. This war was fought to free the long-lived reign of slavery. The northern and the southern states, who sat on two opposite spots of the spectrum about the subject of slavery, met in the battlefield. The roots of this war were deep and could be seen from a cultural, economic and political point of views.

The gap between the two states, concerning the economy, culture and politics were tremendous. The north was a more prosperous nation, endowed with wealth. The life of people here was fast-paced; they had more money than they could keep. The agricultural south had an orthodox society where life was sluggish. The south supported slavery whole-heartedly, as the demand for labour here was huge. It was agriculture-based that required human resources. The north had the industrial base, which required more machines than men. These differences were largely at play behind the civil war.

10 Lines on Causes of the Civil War Essay in English

1. The civil war of America took place in the 1860s. 2. President Lincoln led the Northern states. 3. Lincoln supported the radical abolition of slavery. 4. The earliest leader of the anti-slavery movement was William Lloyd Garrison. 5. Garrison was the voice of ‘Abolitionists’. 6. Lincoln supported voting rights for black people. 7. Lincoln made contributions for racial justice. 8. Frederick Douglass was an outspoken leader of the anti-slavery movement. 9. The Union Army was the largest organized army of America. 10. President Lincoln released the Emancipation Proclamation.


FAQ’s on Causes of the Civil War Essay

Question 1. What is the Emancipation Proclamation?

Answer:  This proclamation that was released by President Lincoln ended the long term reign of slavery in South America.

Question 2. When was the Emancipation Proclamation released?

Answer:  The Emancipation Proclamation was released in the year 1863, on January 1. This was a huge step forward for abolishing slavery in the heart of America.

Question 3. Who led the Union Army and the Confederate Army?

Answer:  Brig, respectively led the Union and the Confederate armies. General Irvin McDowell and Brig. General G. T. Beauregard.

Question 4.

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What is the Confederate States of America?

Answer:  It is the Union formed by the seven states of South America that were pro-slavery.