The basic urine test is one of the many typically performed laboratory tests. It is exceptionally essential to properly prepare and also appropriately collect the sample. So what need to you do to encertain the result accurately mirrors the state of your health?


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Before the planned arsenal of a urine sample, it is recommfinished that you:What approaches need to be provided to offer a appropriate urine sample?

Insufficient preparation for trial and error and sampling and storage may reason false outcomes. Because of this, prior to doing a basic urine test, there are a couple of basic rules to store in mind.

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Before the planned repertoire of a urine sample, it is recommended that you:

1. Provide yourself with a disposable urine container

Urine is put into a distinct, disposable container that can be purchased at any type of pharmacy. Remember that in the case of bacteriological tests (urine culture), the container purchased must be sterile. It is unacceptable to urinate right into bottles, jars and also various other containers not intended for this function. Residues of assorted substances, such as sugar or the existence of bacteria deserve to seriously disturb the interpretation of results. The disposable urine container does not must be scalded or all set in any type of various other method.

2. A moderate diet, alcohol and liquids

A few days prior to the planned examicountry, it is necessary to eat a modeprice, typical diet and also to take in a normal amount of fluids, consistent through the feeling of thirst. Your diet has a vast impact on urine evaluation. An great instance of this are beetroots as they colour the urine red. A diet high in meat lowers the pH of urine, while a milk or vegetarian diet raises the pH. Ketone bodies, which should not be in the urine, might appear in it as a result of alcohol abuse or the use of a fatty diet. Drinking the ideal amount of fluids stays clear of both excessive uricountry (also little bit fluid) and also its dilution (too a lot fluid). In the basic urine test this is expressed by certain gravity.

3. Avoiding extreme physical strain and standing still for longer than usual

Excessive physical task may lead to the appearance or increase of urine levels of protein and also ketone bodies. Spfinishing lengthy durations of time in a standing position regularly results in the event of orthostatic proteinuria.

4. Abstaining from sexual intercourse for 24 hrs before sampling

A urine test after sex-related intercourse may be challenging bereason of sperm current in the urine. Their huge numbers prevents a specific microscopic assessment of the urine sediment. Tbelow might also be minor lesions of the urethra, which will lead to the presence of an raised amount of epithelium, red blood cells or the existence of bacteria in the urine.

5. Avoidance of examicountry during menstrual bleeding and 2 days before and also 2 days after menstruation

In the situation of sampling throughout menstruation, the urine is regularly contaminated with a big amount of red blood cells and also epithelia which makes it difficult to acquire dependable outcomes. The medical professional might interpret this result as a haematuria or haematuria and suspect, for instance, kidney stones or nephritic syndrome.

What techniques should be supplied to give a appropriate urine sample?

1. Morning urine

The recommfinished time to take a urine sample is as soon as you wake up, i.e. urine after an overnight 8-hour remainder or if it is impossible, after at leastern 4 hrs from the previous uricountry. This is important to proccasion the incident of sensible proteinuria, which occurs many frequently as an outcome of continuing to be in a standing position for a long time, physical exertion and also stress and anxiety.

2. Genital hygiene

Before taking the sample, wash your hands via heat soapy water and also thoroughly wash the urethral area with heat water and also soap or an intimate hygiene wash. For womales, hygiene in the area of ​​the labia is specifically necessary, and the washing itself should be done from the front in the direction of the anus, never in the opposite direction. Men are advised to thoapproximately clean the penis. A disposable towel should be offered for abrasion. Keeping strict hygiene rules suggests that by gaining rid of bacteria from the body’s surface your urine results will be even more dependable, if bacteria from the body enters the sample, it might falsify the test results.

3. "Mid-stream" urine sample

Once you have started to urinate, collect a "mid-stream" urine sample, this indicates you perform not collect the initially or the last part of urine that comes out, you collect it in the middle of uricountry. The accumulated urine sample for the general examicountry need to have actually from 20 to 100 milliliters, relying on the dimension of the formerly purchased container. The sample for society urine may have actually a couple of milliliters. Transfering urine from the toilet, potty, swimming pool, and so on. to a container is not allowed as a result of the existence of bacteria.

4. Suitable description of the sample

The container have to be legibly signed with your name and surname, current day, time of arsenal and your date of birth and so on. Some laboratories ask for a details description to be added to the container, e.g. a patient identification number.

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5. Immediate shipment of the sample to the repertoire point

The container through the accumulated urine sample need to be sealed and delivered to the collection point as soon as possible. The container have the right to be even more secured by placing it in a sealable plastic bag. If the sample deserve to not be ceded automatically after collection, place the container in the refrigerator (do not freeze it) and lug it to the test as soon as possible. If tested for culture, the sample may not remajor in the refrigerator for even more than 2 hrs.Immediate distribution of the sample to the repertoire point stays clear of the bacteria from multiplying.

Bibliography: Interna Szczeklika 2018 Handbook of Internal Diseases. Authors: Piotr Gajewski, Andrzej Szczeklik. Publisher: Medycyna Praktyczna. Bulletin of the Polish Society for Laboratory Diagnostics.