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Anyone can get food poisoning, but certain groups of people are more likely to get sick and to have a more serious illness. Their bodies’ ability to fight germs and sickness is not as effective for a variety of reasons. These groups of people are:


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Older adultsexternal icon have a higher risk because as people age, their immune systems and organs don’t recognize and get rid of harmful germs as well as they once did. Nearly half of people aged 65 and older who have a lab-confirmed foodborne illness from Salmonella, Campylobacter,Listeria orE. coli are hospitalized.

You are watching: All of the following are reasons why the risk of having foodborne illness is increasing except


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Young childrenexternal icon have immune systems that are still developing, so their body’s ability to fight germs and sickness isn’t as strong. Food poisoning can be particularly dangerous for them because illness can lead to diarrhea and dehydration. Children younger than 5 are three times more likely to be hospitalized if they get a Salmonella infection. And kidney failure strikes 1 out of 7 children under age 5 who are diagnosed with E. coli O157 infection.


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People with weakened immune systemsexternal icon due to diabetes, liver or kidney disease, alcoholism, and HIV/AIDS; or receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapycannot fight germs and sickness as effectively. For example, people on dialysis are 50 times more likely to get a Listeriainfection.


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Pregnant womenexternal icon are more likely than other people to get sick from certain germs. For example, pregnant women are 10 times more likely to get aListeriainfection.


If you or someone you care for is in one of these groups, it’s especially important to take steps to prevent food poisoningand to know which foods are more associated with illnessthan others.


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Content source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID), Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases (DFWED)
How to Prevent Food Poisoningplus iconBasic Food Safetyplus iconFood Safety for Special Events and Holidaysplus iconFoods That Can Cause Food Poisoningplus iconRaw Milk Dangersplus iconFoodborne Germs and Illnessesplus iconKeep Food Safe After a Disaster or Emergencyplus iconEducational Materialsplus iconPatient Storiesplus iconFood Safety Education Monthplus iconsoimg.org’s Role in Food Safetyplus iconChallenges in Food Safetyplus icon
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