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 addend A number added to one or more numbers to create a sum. enhancement residential property of 0 The amount of any number and 0 is equal to that number. The number 0 is frequently referred to as the additive identification.You are watching: A number that is multiplied by another number to get a product amount In a percent difficulty, the portion of the entirety equivalent to the percent. associative law of addition For three or more numbers, the sum is the same regardless of exactly how you team the numbers. For example, (6 + 2) + 1 = 6 + (2 + 1). associative law of multiplication For three or even more numbers, the product is the very same regardmuch less of exactly how you group the numbers. For example, 3 • (5 • 7) = 3 • (5 • 7). In a percent trouble, the base represents how a lot should be thought about 100% (the whole); in exponents, the base is the worth that is elevated to a power as soon as a number is created in exponential notation. In the example of 53, 5 is the base. capacity The amount of liquid (or various other pourable substance) that an item can organize once it"s complete. Celsius A measure of temperature commonly provided in nations that use the metric system. On the Celsius range, water freezes at 0° C and also boils at 100° C. common denominator A number that is a multiple of every one of the denominators in a team of fractions. commutative law of addition Two numbers have the right to be added in any kind of order without transforming the amount. For example, 6 + 4 = 4 + 6. commutative legislation of multiplication Two numbers have the right to be multiplied in any order without altering the product. For example, 8 • 9 = 9 • 8. Raising a number to a power of 3. 23 is review “2 to the 3rd power” or “2 cubed,” and also implies usage 2 as a element three times in the multiplication. 23 = 2 • 2 • 2 = 8. cup A unit of capacity equal to 8 fluid ounces. decimal fractions A fraction composed as a decimal suggest and digits to the best of the decimal point decimal number Decimal numbers are numbers whose place worth is based on 10s, consisting of whole numbers and decimal fractions, which have actually decimal points and also digits to the ideal of the decimal allude. The numbers 18, 4.12 and also 0.008 are all decimal numbers. denominator The bottom variety of a fraction that tells how many kind of equal components are in the entirety. difference The amount that results from subtracting one number from another, or from subtracting the subtrahfinish from the minufinish. digit One of the signs 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9. distribute To rewrite the product of the number and a amount or difference utilizing the distributive residential property. distributive home of multiplication over addition The product of a number and also a sum is the very same as the amount of the product of the number and each of the addends comprising the amount. For example, 3(4 + 2) = 3(4) + 3(2). distributive residential or commercial property of multiplication over subtraction The product of a number and a distinction is the very same as the difference of the product of the number and each of the numbers being subtracted. For instance, 8(10 – 2) = 8(10) – 8(2). dividend divisibility test A dominance that tells easily whether separating a number by an additional number can be done without leaving a remainder. divisible Can be separated by a number without leaving a remainder. For example, 20 is divisible by 4 because 20 ÷ 4 = 5 (no remainder). The number that is being separated into the dividend in a division problem. In the trouble 8 ÷ 2 = 4, 2 is the divisor. equation A mathematical sentence that shows that 2 expressions are equal. identical fractions Two or even more fractions that name the same component of the totality. estimate An answer to a trouble that is close to the precise number, however not necessarily specific. also number A totality number that is divisible by 2. expanded form A way to compose a number as a sum of the value of its digits. For instance, thirty-two is composed in broadened form as 30 + 2, or 3 10s + 2 ones, or (3 • 10) + (2 • 1). The number that suggests exactly how many times the base is supplied as a factor. In the instance of 53, 3 is the exponent and suggests that 5 is provided 3 times as a factor: 5 • 5 • 5. A notation that represents repetitive multiplication using a base and an exponent. For instance, 24 is notation that indicates 2 • 2 • 2 • 2. This notation tells you that 2 is used as a variable 4 times. 24 = 16. (Also referred to as exponential form.) expression A mathematical expression. For example, 8 • 2 + 3 is an expression. It represents the amount 19. factor A number that is multiplied by one more number or numbers to get a product. For example, in the equation 4 • 5 = 20, 4 and also 5 are components. aspect label method One method of converting a measurement from one unit of measurement to one more unit of measurement. In this approach, you multiply the original measurement by unit fractions containing various systems of measurement to obtain the new unit of measurement. element pair A pair of numbers whose product is a given number. For instance, 2 and also 15 are a element pair of 30 because 2 •15 = 30. Both 2 and also 15 are determinants of 30. factor tree A diagram mirroring just how a number have the right to be created as determinants, and those determinants created as a product of determinants, and so on until only prime numbers are supplied. Fahrenheit A measure of temperature commonly used in the United States. On the Fahrenheit scale, water freezes at 32° F and also boils at 212° F. A unit of capacity equal to of a cup. One fluid ounce of water at 62°F weighs about one ounce. foot A unit for measuring length in the U.S. customary measurement mechanism. 1 foot = 12 inches fraction An expression offered to refer to a component of a totality. gallon A unit equal to 4 quarts, or 128 liquid ounces. gram The base unit of mass in the Metric mechanism. grouping symbols Symbols such as parentheses, braces, brackets, and fraction bars that indicate the numbers to be grouped together. imappropriate fraction A fraction in which the numerator is equal to or better than the denominator. inch A unit for measuring size in the U.S. customary measurement system. 1 foot = 12 inches inequality A mathematical sentence that compares two numbers that are not equal. inverse operation A mathematical procedure that deserve to reverse or “undo” another operation. Addition and subtraction are inverse operations. Multiplication and also division are inverse operations. leastern widespread denominator (LCD) The leastern, or smallest, number that is a multiple of all the denominators in a group of fractions. leastern common multiple (LCM) The least, or smallest, number that is a multiple of two or even more numbers. length The distance from one end to the various other or the distance from one suggest to an additional. like denominators Denominators that are the exact same. liter The base unit of volume in the Metric mechanism. lowest terms A fractivity is in lowest terms if the numerator and also denominator have actually no common determinants other than 1. measurement The usage of standard devices to discover out the dimension or quantity of items such as size, width, elevation, mass, weight, volume, temperature or time. meter The base unit of size in the Metric system. metric system A extensively supplied system of measurement that is based on the decimal system and multiples of 10. mile A unit for measuring size in the U.S. customary measurement system. 1 mile = 5,280 feet or 1,760 yards. minuend The number from which an additional number is subtracted. blended number An expression in which a entirety number is linked via a proper fractivity. For instance 5 is a combined number. multiple Any number that has actually a given number as a aspect. For instance, 4, 8, 16, and 200 are multiples of 4, because 4 is a aspect of each of these numbers. multiplication residential property of 1 The product of any kind of number and also 1 is equal to that number. The number 1 is often referred to as the multiplicative identity. natural number The numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on. Also called counting numbers. numerator The optimal number of a portion that tells just how many parts of a totality are being stood for. operation A mathematical process; the four fundamental operations are addition, subtractivity, multiplication, and department. order of operations The rules that determine the sequence of calculations in an expression through more than one kind of computation. ounce A unit for measuring weight in the UNITED STATE customary measurement mechanism. 16 ounces = 1 pound. percent A proportion that compares a number to 100. “Per cent” suggests “per 100,” or “exactly how many kind of out of 100.” perfect square A totality number that have the right to be expressed as a whole number raised to a power of 2. For example, 25 is a perfect square bereason 25 = 5 • 5 = 52. perimeter The distance around a two-dimensional shape. period Each team of three digits in a number separated by a comma. pint A unit of capacity equal to 16 fluid ounces, or 2 cups. place value The worth of a digit based on its place within a number. place-value chart A chart that mirrors the value of each digit in a number. polygon A closed plane figure bounded by three or more line segments. pound A unit for measuring weight in the U.S. customary measurement system. 16 ounces = 1 pound. power of 10 Any totality number that have the right to be represented by 10x. The first 4 powers of 10 are 1, 10, 100, and also 1000. prefix A brief set of letters that denote the dimension of measurement systems in the Metric System. Metric prefixes include centi-, milli-, kilo-, and also hecto-. prime factorization A number written as the product of its prime factors. prime number A herbal number through exactly 2 factors: 1 and also the number itself. product proper fraction A fraction in which the numerator is much less than the denominator. proportion An equation that states that two ratios are equal. quart A unit of capacity equal to 32 fluid ounces, or 4 cups. quotient The symbol used for square root and various other roots. It looks favor and also the number is created under it. For instance, the square root of nine is written through the radical sign: When a base has an exponent, it deserve to be sassist that the base is “raised to the power” of the exponent. For instance, 35 is check out as “3 increased to the fifth power.” rate A proportion that compares quantities measured in different devices. For instance, a rate compares the distance travecaused a length of time. ratio A comparikid of 2 numbers by division. For example, the proportion of 15 boys in a course to 14 girls in the same class is 15:14. reciprocal A number that once multiplied by a provided number gives a product of 1. For instance, and are reciprocals of each other. rounding Finding a number that’s cshed to a offered number, however is easier to think around. simplest form A fraction is in easiest form if the numerator and also denominator have actually no common determinants other than 1. square root A value that have the right to be multiplied by itself to provide the original number. For example if the original number is 9, then 3 is its square root bereason 3 multiplied by itself (32, pronounced "3 squared") amounts to 9. The symbol supplied for a square root is dubbed a radical authorize and also goes on optimal of the number. The square root of 9 is created as . Multiplying a number by itself, or elevating the number to a power of 2. 82 have the right to be read as “8 to the second power,” “8 to a power of 2,” or “8 squared.” typical form A method to write a number utilizing digits. For example, thirty-two is composed in typical develop as 32. subtrahend The number that is subtracted from one more number. sum The result once two or even more numbers are added; the quantity that outcomes from enhancement. ton A unit for measuring the weight of heavier items in the UNITED STATE customary measurement device. 1 ton = 2,000 pounds. trailing zero A placeholder 0 that occurs after the final non-0 digit in a decimal number. In the number 22.0900, the 0s in the thousandths and also ten-thousandths places are trailing zeros. U.S. customary measurement system The a lot of widespread mechanism of measurement offered in the USA. It is based upon English measurement devices of the 18th century. unit equivalents Statements of equivalence between measurement systems within a system or in comparichild to another mechanism of systems. For example 1 foot = 12 inches or 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters are both examples of unit equivalents. unit fractions A fraction wbelow the numerator and denominator are equal amounts, as in or . Unit fractions serve to help through conversions in the Factor Label strategy. unit of measurement A standard amount or quantity. For example, an inch is a unit of measurement. unit price A price in which the quantity is expressed as one unit. If 12 candy bars expense \$24, the unit price is \$2 per 1 candy bar. unit rate A price in which the second amount is one unit. If a bird flaps its wings 240 times in 3 minutes, the unit rate of wing flapping is 80 flaps per 1 minute. unprefer denominators Denominators that are different from each other. For example the fractions and also have various denominators, one denominator being 4 and also the various other denominator being 8. weight A mathematical summary of exactly how heavy an item is.See more: Why Do Cats Roll Around On Concrete, : Nostupidquestions whole number Any of the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, and so on. yard A unit for measuring size in the UNITED STATE customary measurement device. 1 yard = 3 feet or 36 inches.