The break-even price is the price important to make normal profit. It is a price which consists of all costs, including variable and resolved expenses.

At the break-even price, the firm neither renders a loss or profit.The break-even price occurs wbelow AR = ATCThe break-even price occurs wright here Total Revenue = Total Cost (TC)


Formula for break-even price


(Total resolved price / manufacturing unit volume) + variable expense per unit

Example of break-also price calculation

Fixed expenses = £12,000Typical variable expense = £12Output = 3,000Break-also price = (12,000/3,000) + £12 = £16

Example 2

If the output boosts to 24,000, the break-even price would certainly be lower.The average resolved expense would currently be 12,000/24,000) = £0.50Therefore, the break-even price would be £12.50

Diagram of break-even price


At P2 – average revenue (AR) = ATC.

Break-even output


Fixed costs = £40,000Mean variable price = £8Market Price = £13

How much does the firm should sell in order to break also, with a industry price of £13?


Q = 40,000/ (13-8)

Q = 8,000

Uses of break-also priceA firm will be interested to know the break-also price. For instance, if it is entering a industry, it may be interested in the lowest price it have the right to set without making a loss.This is essential for a firm via the objective of sales maximisation. One interpretation of sales maximisation is establishing the price as low as feasible, whilst still making normal profit (and breaking even).A firm may find out its break-also price and also then add a details profit margin, to help collection prices.Evaluation of break-even priceA firm might not be able to conveniently calculate all its average total expenses, and also so in the actual civilization, it might acquire the price wrong.Similarly, it may calculate break-even price on a details output, yet if demand also is less than intended, the price will certainly be as well low.